Tetrahydrofuran (THF) Solvent



Tetrahydrofuran (THF) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)4O. It is a colorless, water-miscible organic liquid with low viscosity at standard temperature and pressure. This heterocyclic compound has the chemical formula (CH2)4O. As one of the most polar ethers with a wide liquid range, it is a useful solvent. Its main use, however, is as a precursor to polymers. THF solvent has an odor similar to its chemical cousin, diethyl ether, but is a much less potent anesthetic than diethyl ether.

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Structure Formula:

tetrahydrofuran structure formula


Item Index
Appearance Colorless transparent liquid
Content 99.9% Min.
Moisture 200ppm Max.
Boiling point 66-67°C
Chroma, APHA 5 Max.


Tetrahydrofuran can be polymerized by strong acids to give a linear polymer called poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol(PTMEG), also known as PTMO, polytetramethylene oxide. The primary use of this polymer is to make elastomeric polyurethane fibers like Spandex.

The other main application of THF solvent is as an industrial solvent for PVC and in varnishes. It is an aprotic solvent with a dielectric constant of 7.6. Tetrahydrofuran is a moderately polar solvent and can dissolve a wide range of nonpolar and polar chemical compounds. Tetrahydrofuran is water-miscible and can form solid clathrate hydrate structures with water at low temperatures.

Resin Solvent

  • PVC and CPVC pipe cement.
  • Magnetic tape manufacture.
  • Polyurethane fabric coaters.
  • Producers of Inks for plastics.

Reaction Solvent

  • Pharmaceutical and specialty chemicals.
  • Alkali metals, alkyl alkali, and arylalkali metal compounds.
  • Alkali metal, aluminum hydrides, and borohydrides.
  • Organics with limited solubility in alcohols, ketones, ethers.


  • Manufacture of natural gas odorants.
  • Production of poly-tetramethyl ether.
  • Glycols for polyurethanes and polyesters.

Packing and Storage:

Packed in metal drums; net-weighted 180kg per drums; stored in a cool, dark, ventilated, and dry place. Or packed in ISO-TANK.


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