Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride (PHMG) is a kind of antibacterial polymer which contains guanidine group in its main chain. It dissolves in water easily and forms into colorless odourless solution. This PHMG chemical can be used as a broad spectrum and high efficient disinfectant. Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride is low toxic, steady, non-flammable, non-explosive and basically non-corrosive to stainless steel, copper, carbon steel, wood and plastic.
Because of its special bactericidal mechanisms, almost all kinds of bacteria shall be killed efficiently and will not develop resistance action. PHMG disinfectant is a high molecular polymer, which is easy to be washed away. It is non-corrosive to skin, and can not be easily absorbed by human organs. Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochlorid performs good biocompatibility. This chemical can be widely used in textile, animal husbandry, aquicultrue, medical sterilization and daily disinfectant.
|Appearance||Colorless or light yellow liquid||Colorless or light yellow liquid|
|Active content||25% Min.||99% Min.|
|Odor||None||Weak amine odor|
|pH||5-9 (25℃)||10-11 (25% water solution)|
|Water insoluable||—||0.1% Max.|
Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride is odourless and can be easily dissolved in water to form tasteless colorless transparent solution. It can be used as disinfectent for almost all kinds of bacteria.
Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride still keep active after being heated at 280℃ for 15 min.
Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride is non-corrosive to copper, stainless steel, carbon steel and other metals.
1. The guanidine group in Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride perform high activity and the polymer itself is cationic. Since bacteria and virus are usually anionic, they are easily to be absorbed by Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride and could not divide and reproduce, and finally turn to inactive.
2. Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride collapses the cell membrane structure and form transmembrane stomata. Ultimately, it causes cell membrane rupture, disrupts for the energy metabolism of the organism, and disables the bacteria and virus.
3. The polymer forms a film that closes off the breathing passages of microorganisms, causing them to suffocate and die.
The sterilization mechanism is not involved with the form and type of microorganisms. Even if the microorganisms mutate, the mutation will not affect their efficacy. Microorganisms do not produce resistance to Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride.
Reacting with E. coli in suspension for 5 min, the average sterilization rate of PHMG disinfectant with 1800 mg/L is 99.95%.
Reacting with staphylococcus aureus for 5 min, the average sterilization rate of PHMG disinfectant with 2400 mg/L is 99.91%.
Reacting with candida albicans for 10 min, the average sterilization rate of PHMG disinfectant with 3200 mg/L is 99.95%.
Reacting with pseudomonas aeruginosa for 10 min, the average sterilization rate of PHMG disinfectant with 500 mg/L is 99.92%.
Reacting with HIV for 5 min, PHMG disinfectant with 1000 mg/L can kill it completely.
Reacting with bacillus subtilis black variant budding cells for 4h, the average sterilization rate of PHMG disinfectant with 5000 mg/L is 99.66%.
A foreign study shows that PHMG disinfectant with 500~2500mg/L can kill corynebacterium diphtheria, salmonella, Proteus mirabilis, and fusobacterium dysentery if reacted with them for 5~15 min.
The PHMG chemcial can efficiently kill many kinds of bacterial propagules. The exact effect increases by the concentration and affecting duration.
Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride can efficiently kill bacterial propagules, fungi, and some viruses. 99.0% E.coli on dishware can be killed by PHMG after reacting for 1-5 min. It is increasingly used in disinfection products in daily life. In the same time, Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride can also be used in disinfection for fruits and vegetables. Since fruits and vegetables are directly edible products, non-irritating is necessary for disinfection in this field. Compared with other chemical disinfection, PHMG is much more suitable.
Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride is usually formulated with other water treatment chemicals. The exact formula depends on water and equipment condition. The recommended dosage is 146 mg/L~13.5 g/L when used as a separate disinfectant. The dosage should be determined by exact process and method if applied in textile and printing, livestock-raising, and aquaculture.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat source. Protect from direct sunlight. The package must be sealed and do not get wet. It should be stored separately from oxidizers, flammable and combustible materials.
polyhexamethyleneguanidine hydrochloride; phmg hydrochloride; phmg 25 polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride.